Sunday, January 25, 2015

The JFK Assassination and The Southern California Connections

DOWNTOWN L.A. at 12th AND GRAND - It has been over 50 years since the shocking and sickening assassination of President John F. Kennedy one November afternoon on Elm Street in Dallas, Texas. Of course that assassination still remains of great interest to many people, from conspiracy types, which has spawned its own industry with many books, films and videos, among other projects, to viewing that event in light of recent problems facing The Secret Service.

 photo John_F_Kennedy_Democratic_presidential_candidate_1960_Los_Angeles.jpg
Then presidential hopeful Kennedy arriving at the L.A. Memorial Sports Arena for the 1960 Democratic Convention. July 13, 1960. Public Domain photograph.

Like any major event in the United States, or the World, there always seems to be some kind of Southern California connection, and with the JFK assassination there is indeed a Southern California connection.

In fact, there are two Southern California connections surrounding the assassination of The 35th President of the United States.

In Orange County

Probably the better known connection is that the alleged assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, who, on October 24, 1956, enlisted in the Marine Corps, lived in Orange County for about a year.

Mr. Oswald was apart of Air Control Squadron Nine at the Marine Corps Air Facility Santa Ana, which is actually in Tustin.

According to military records by way of The Warren Commission Report, Mr. Oswald arrived in Orange County in late 1958 after serving a tour of duty in Japan. 

It was only about a year that Mr. Oswald lived in Orange County, and, according to records, Mr. Oswald claimed that he needed to leave the Corps in late 1959 to take care of his mother and asked for a Dependency Discharge. The claim to take care of his mother soon turned out to be false as about a year later Mr. Oswald was living in the Soviet Union, without his mother.

During his time at the Air Facility in Tustin it was discovered Mr. Oswald kept communist literature in his locker, including several copies of The Daily Worker. Much of this was discovered during a surprise inspection, according to Mr. Oswald's former Caption, Robert Block.

Mr. Block said during his time in Tustin that Mr. Oswald's left-leaning tendencies bordered on the near-comic, according to a 1993 Los Angeles Times interview.

At the time the Marines were learning all about communism and, according to Mr. Block, the communist items found in Mr. Oswald's locker were not considered to be all that unusual, and was likely brushed off as no more than Mr. Oswald brushing up on his studies.

Mr. Block, who left the Marines in 1966 with a Honorable Discharge and went on to own an insurance agency in Garden Grove, says, basically, Mr. Oswald did not stand out one way or the other under his command.
Much has been said of Mr. Oswald's Marine training, which may have given him an advantage in allegedly gunning down Mr. Kennedy.

Mr. Block does not believe Mr. Oswald's Marine training would have been enough to have killed the President in the way it was carried out, unless the assassin had additional training.

As Mr. Block told Dana Parsons of the L.A. Times in 1993, "You've got a moving target there, and when you're talking about hitting somebody in the head from that distance and that angle, it just boggles my mind that he would even have that capability. I don't know where he could have practiced, whether in the woods or remote areas or in Russia, but you've got to come up with some pretty good marksmanship to carry off something like that."

Evidence and investigation by The Warren Commission shows that Mr. Oswald was able to kill Mr. Kennedy in the matter that it was carried out. While it may have been an advantage there has never been a direct connection that Mr. Oswald's military training gave him an advantage in killing the President. Furthermore, the Report shows Mr. Oswald did not receive any kind of training, military or otherwise, while in Soviet Russia.

Aside from being stationed in Tustin not much is known about Mr. Oswald's time in Orange County. All evidence shows that Mr. Oswald pretty much kept to himself and did not engage in much activity outside the Air Station, and it appears he never even visited Disneyland. If Mr. Oswald's left-leaning beliefs are to be believed he would have found much of Orange County to be hostile to him as much of The Orange Curtain at this time was a hotbed of activity for The John Birch Society (not unlike parts of Dallas).

Perhaps most importantly, there has never been any evidence to suggest Mr. Oswald was involved in any sort of conspiracy with any person or group in Orange County or elsewhere in Southern California. In fact, after the assassination of Mr. Kennedy five federal investigations showed Mr. Oswald acted alone and was not involved in any sort of conspiracy with another person, group or government.

Downtown Los Angeles

There is a second Southern California connection to events related to the assassination, and it involves Downtown L.A.

Sometimes forgotten by history in the whole chaos of events on November 22 was another death allegedly at the hands of Lee Harvey Oswald, the shooting death of Dallas Police Officer J.D. Tippit.

After allegedly shooting at the presidential motorcade Mr. Oswald had gone back to his home in the Oak Cliff section of Dallas, and it is believed while there he retrieved a Smith and Wesson .38 Special caliber revolver.

Mr. Tippit, after the Mr. Kennedy's assassination, received several police radio messages describing the suspect in the assassination. Officer Tippit was driving slowly past the intersection of 10th Street and Patton Avenue, and that is where he pulled alongside a man who resembled the police description of the man seen firing shots at the presidential motorcade. 

According to the Warren Commission the man, identified was Mr. Oswald, walked over to Tippit's car and exchanged words with him through an open vent window. 

Mr. Tippit then opened his car door and as he walked toward the front of the car Mr. Oswald drew the .38 Special and fired three shots in rapid succession, and all three bullets hit Tippit in the chest. Mr. Oswald then walked up to Tippit's fallen body and fired a fourth shot directly into his right temple, fatally wounding him. Mr. Tippit died before any help could arrive, according to The Warren Commission.

Mr. Oswald shortly after went into the nearby Texas Theater without buying a ticket. A person working at the Texas Theater noticed this person "acting suspiciously" and was a bit concerned that he did not buy a ticket, and so the movie theater employee called the police.

When Dallas Police arrived, according to The Warren Commission, the lights in theater were turned up, and Mr. Oswald seemed ready to give up when he shouted, "Well, it is all over now!" Yet, according to Dallas Police Officer Nick McDonald, it was not quite over yet as Mr. Oswald pulled out a pistol tucked into the front of his pants, then pointed the pistol at Mr. McDonald, and pulled the trigger, but the pistol did not fire because the pistol's hammer came down on the webbing between the thumb and index finger of Mr. McDonald's hand when he grabbed the gun from Mr. Oswald. Then after a scuffle Mr. Oswald was arrested.

So, what does all this have to do with Downtown L.A.?

Well, turns out the Smith and Wesson .38 that killed Officer Tippit was bought in Downtown L.A., at 1221 s. Grand Avenue to be precise.

No, Mr. Oswald did not buy the weapon while he was living in Orange County, but rather he bought the gun by mail.

George Rose and Co. of L.A. was a major distributor of that type of gun. The Mail order division of George Rose and Co. was called, Seaport Traders, Inc., which is where Mr. Oswald sent in the order for the gun.

On January 3, 1963, Seaport Traders received a shipment of 99 guns in one case, according to The Warren Commission, from Empire Wholesale Sporting Goods, Ltd. in Montreal, and in that shipment was the Smith and Wesson .38 confirmed by investigators as the gun used to kill Officer Tippit.

Towards the end of January of that year Seaport Traders received through the mail a mail-order coupon and cash for a, ".38 St. W. 2'' Bbl.," and was signed in ink by, "A.J. Hidell, age 28," according to the Warren Commission. There was also a signature by "D.F. Drittal" attesting to the fact that the person ordering this gun from Downtown L.A. is a U.S. citizen and has never been convicted of a felony.

It was soon revealed the writing on the coupon was that of Mr. Oswald, and, to no real surprise, the writing of the person claiming "Mr. Hidell" was criminally and mentally clear to buy a gun was that also of Mr. Oswald, according to the Warren Commission. This was confirmed by the work of Dallas Police, the FBI and Secret Service, and Mr. Oswald's Russian born wife Marina, who confirmed to authorities the writing on the mail-order form to Downtown L.A. was that of her husband.

"A.J. Hidell" was an alias used by Mr. Oswald during his time in Dallas and New Orleans. This name was used by Mr. Oswald to rent a Post Office box at a Dallas Post Office, which is where the weapon from Downtown L.A. was sent. 

Owners and employees associated with George Rose and Co. and Seaport Traders, Inc. were never charged with any crime, as there was no crime to be charged with. Further investigation showed those in Downtown L.A. had no clue that one of their items played a part on that dark day in American history until they were visited by authorities.

The Overwhelming Evidence Against Oswald

Even though five federal investigations show and proved Lee Harvey Oswald was solely behind the assassination of John F. Kennedy with overwhelming evidence the actions of Jack Ruby forever prevented Mr. Oswald from having his day in court, and thus he was never convicted, or acquitted, of the murders of Mr. Kennedy or Officer J.D. Tippit (also why in this piece Mr. Oswald at times is referred to as the alleged murderer of Mr. Kennedy).

The weight of evidence from the five federal investigations of the murder of John F. Kennedy shows that Mr. Oswald acted alone, and no person or group from the U.S. government, Soviet Union and Cuba, nor Jack Ruby or any other group or person that may not have been a big fan of JFK, was ever involved at any time in the president's murder.

While much has been made about Mr. Oswald and conspiracies galore, if you have not yet read it then it is strongly recommended you read The Warren Commission Report. Yes, it is not exactly a quick afternoon read, but after reading it most people from the layman to any first year law student could see the overwhelming evidence shows Mr. Oswald committed the murders of John F. Kennedy and J.D. Tippit, and acted alone.

In Tustin Today

As for the Marine Corps Air Facility Santa Ana, well, by 1979 the name was changed to better reflect their location, Marine Corps Air Station Tustin. At the end of The Cold War came many military base closures around the country, and, with the Base Realignment and Closure Act of 1990, it was announced that the Tustin air station would be among those closed.

The full base closure came in July 1999, and since then much successful high-end suburban development has occurred in and around the defunct military base, which includes businesses like Whole Foods.

The old Marine air base is also home to the Orange County Sheriff's Department Academy.

In the last year there has been talk by the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim baseball owner Arte Moreno of building a new stadium at the old base and moving the ball team to Tustin once the current lease in Anaheim expires. Los Angeles Angels of Tustin?

L.A. Is Where JFK's Official Journey to The White House Began

At the risk of stretching this piece thin it is worth noting that the 1960 Democratic National Convention was held at the L.A. Memorial Sports Arena, and that is where Mr. Kennedy accepted the Democratic nomination for President of the United States.

 photo DemConv1960.jpg
The 1960 Democratic Convention at the L.A. Memorial Sports Arena., July 1960. Public Domain photograph.

Come Election Day Mr. Kennedy's Republican competitor was Vice President Richard Nixon, who, after voting in Whittier, was suppose to go over to the Ambassador Hotel to watch the elections results, and hopefully give a victory speech, but instead made a trip to Tijuana.

A Note on The President's Brother

In 1968 at The Ambassador Hotel the president's brother, Robert F. Kennedy, was assassinated. In the aftermath of the death of RFK investigations found no links between the assassinations.

A Footnote To One of America's Darkest Days

In the end, at best Southern California's role in that whole tragedy that November day are mere, almost irrelevant footnotes of a bigger event, and, subsequently, it appears Mr. Oswald's time in Orange County did not really influence decisions he would make a few years later as, going back to his high school days in New York, he already showed signs of being a troubled man.

Friday, January 23, 2015

A L.A. Vs NYC Listicle List

THE ONLY PLACE THAT REALLY MATTERS - For way too many decades now there has been much talk in comparing Los Angeles/Southern California to New York and the Tri-State area, or, depending how you look at it, comparing New York to L.A. If you have figured out what this website attempts to be about we gladly wear our bias on our sleeve, mind and heart.

 photo LosAngelesCityHall1931.jpg
A 1931 view of L.A. City Hall. Used under a Creative Commons license.
So, in what is a somewhat superficial fluff, filler, and maybe slightly thought provoking clickbait piece for your passing amusing enjoyment let us compare things and places, in no particular order, between L.A. and New York.

         L.A./Southern California Vs. New York

El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles del Río de Porciúncula - New Amsterdam

The Library Tower/U.S. Bank Tower - Freedom Tower/One World Trade Center

Griffith Park - Central Park

Deborah Sussman - Milton Glaser

Ronald Reagan Freeway - FDR Drive

L.A. County USC Medical Center - Bellevue Hospital Center

Cedars Sinai Medical Center - Mount Sinai Hospital

Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels - Saint Patrick's Cathedral

Getty House - Gracie Mansion

The Getty Center - The Metropolitan Museum of Art


Lakewood - Levittown

The Beach Boys - The Four Seasons

The Germs - The Ramones 

"Los Angeles" by X - "New York" by Nina Hagan

Al's Bar - CBGB's

The Masque - Max's Kansas City

Club Alabam - Cotton Club

Central Avenue - Lenox Avenue

213 - 212

Disneyland - Disney World (Yes, not in the New York area, but a lot of New Yorkers go there!)

Pacific Ocean Park - Freedomland

L.A. City Hall - Empire State Building

Hollywood - Broadway

Hollywood and Highland - Times Sqaure

West Hollywood - The Village

The Vincent Thomas Bridge - The Brooklyn Bridge

Freeways - Tollways

Arroyo Seco Parkway - Eastern Parkway

The 405 - The L-I-E

SigAlert - Traffic Delays

The Brown Family - The Cuomo Family

Charles Bukowski - Andy Warhol 

Bret Easton Ellis - Jay McInerney

1994 Northridge Earthquake - 2012 Superstorm Sandy

1992 L.A. Riots - 1863 Draft Riots


Surrounded by hills and mountains - Surrounded by buildings

San Bernardino Mountains - The Poconos

Montecito - The Hamptons

Echo Park - Williamsburg

Boyle Heights - Red Hook

All Star Lanes Bowling Center - Brooklyn Bowl 

Central Library - The Stephen A. Schwarzman Building 

Pinks - Nathans

Canter's Deli - Katz's Deli

Pershing Square - Union Square

Richard Ramirez - David Berkowitz 

Orange County - Staten Island

Inland Empire - New Jersey

San Bernardino - Newark

San Fernando Valley - Nassau County, Long Island

Huntington Beach - Seaside Heights, New Jersey


Burbank Airport - LaGuardia Airport

Metrolink - Long Island Railroad, Metro-North and NJ Transit

Las Vegas - Atlantic City (Wait, does AC still have casinos?)

Pacific Ocean - Atlantic Ocean

Venice Beach - Coney Island


Cal State L.A. - City University of New York

The Claremont Colleges - Columbia University

Scripps College - Sarah Lawrence College

Home of The Hell's Angels - Home of the fake Hell's Angels

Dodgers - Yankees

Angels - Mets

Wrigley Field - Ebbets Field

Hosted a World's Fair in 1918, known as the California Liberty Fair - Hosted two World's Fairs

Hosted two Olympics - Still trying to get the Olympics to come to town

Twin Towers - Rikers Island

Boss Radio 93/KHJ - 77/WABC

The Real Don Steele - Dan Ingram

Hunter Hancock - Alan Freed

Hal Fishman - Roger Grigsby


Staples Center - Madison Square Garden

2 a.m. - 4 a.m.

Santa Monica Bl roughly between Vine and La Brea - Off Broadway

Walt Disney - Woody Allen

East L.A. - Jackson Heights

Huell Howser - Huell Howser was briefly on New York television in the early 1980s 

In-N-Out - Lots of In-N-Out rip offs

Tuesday, January 13, 2015

Those Southern California Earthquakes

CAJON PASS - ONE PLACE WHERE THE PACIFIC PLATE AND NORTH AMERICAN PLATE MEET - Even if you are not the biggest newshound you know Worldwide 2014 was not a very good year, but in our place of the World known as Southern California it sure seemed like things were shaking more than usual.

 photo SAF.jpg
One of the many places in Southern California where the infamous San Andreas Fault runs. Shown for educational purposes only; no copyright infringement intended. Used under a Creative Commons license.

In 2014 several widely "feel-able" minor-to-moderate earthquakes rattled the Los Angeles Basin. The most notable earthquake was the magnitude 5.1 (M5.1) La Habra Earthquake, which was the most damaging earthquake in the area since 2008.

In fact, things have been relatively quiet since the aftermath of the 1994 Northridge Earthquake, but in the last year it seems like things, seismically speaking, have been picking up.

So what gives? Well, as many geologists and seismologists at the United States Geological Survey note, such as "L.A. Earthquake Czar" Doctor Lucy Jones, things are just getting back to normal. In fact, having M4 and M5 earthquakes in Southern California is the normal way of life and we should be having a few them yearly. The problem for some people is that within the 20 years since the Northridge Earthquake many people have moved to Southern California, or been born in the last 20 years and may never had known of a time when these types of earthquakes rattled Southern California on a regular basis (of course they are many others who have been here well beyond 20 years and probably choose to forget we live in earthquake country).

Wait, These Types of Earthquakes Used To Happen All The Time?

Yes, and, by way of The Southern California Earthquake Data Center, here is a list of notable Southern California earthquakes between 1986 and 1994.

July 8, 1986 - North Palm Springs - M5.6
July 13, 1986 - About 32 miles West-Northwest offshore of Oceanside - M5.4
October 1, 1987 - Whittier Earthquake - M5.9
November 23, 1987 - Near Salton Sea and about 90 miles east of San Diego - M6.2
November 24, 1987 - About the same location as above - M6.6
June 26, 1988 - Upland - M4.7
December 3, 1988 - Pasadena - M5.0
January 18, 1989 - Malibu - M5.0
April 7, 1989 - Newport Beach - M4.7
June 12, 1989 - Montebello - M4.9
February 28, 1990 - Upland - M5.4
June 28, 1991 - Sierra Madre - M5.8
April 22, 1992 - Joshua Tree - M6.1
June 28, 1992 - Landers Earthquake - M7.3
June 28, 1992 - Big Bear - M6.4
January 17, 1994 - Northridge Earthquake - M6.7
What Happened After 1994?

Well, while there were the always ongoing minor M1-M3 jolts in the region and some M4 earthquakes just outside the area in the desert, along with a series of M5 earthquakes in rural Kern County in 1995-96 (some of which were felt in the L.A. area), notable earthquakes in and around the L.A. basin and Southern California in the aftermath of the Northridge Earthquake had became far, few and in-between.

In fact, outside of large Northridge aftershocks, which mostly faded by 1995, the next noteworthy earthquake would be the 2001 M4.2 West Hollywood Earthquake.

Furthermore, while there was a M5.4 in Big Bear in 2003 it would not be until 2008 that the L.A. basin would experience a damaging M5+ quake, the 2008 M5.4 Chino Hills Earthquake. That is about 14 years since a M5+ earthquake struck the L.A. area.

It is noteworthy to point out on October 16, 1999 in the rural San Bernardino County desert there was a M7.1 earthquake that shook most of Southern California, known as the Hector Mine Earthquake. This earthquake had an epicenter in such a rural area there was very little damage, but it did cause power outages in the Inland Empire, L.A. and Orange County. Despite such a significant earthquake it has been mostly forgotten.
Why Did The Lull In Earthquakes Happen?

Simply put, geologists and seismologists believe the Landers and Northridge Earthquakes relieved stress for a time on the fault-lines in Southern California.

In geological time 20 years is less than a blink of an eye.

So, Are We Coming Out of The Earthquake Lull?

Earthquakes in the last couple years would seem to say, "yes," and, much more importantly, in many interviews with the media after some of these shakers Dr. Jones believes we are going back to our normal pattern of earthquakes.

Does This Mean The Big One (Or A Big Enough One) Is Going To Happen?

Who knows?

It could mean something, or it could mean nothing, which is a way of saying there is no way to predict earthquakes.

Or, put another way, a damaging earthquake could happen tomorrow night, or ten years from now.

We Keep Hearing About The Threat of A Big Earthquake Happening, But Will It Ever Really Happen, Or Is It Just Hype?

Recent Southern California earthquake data listed above, along with historic earthquake data and studies going back hundreds of years show that a really big earthquake, or big enough earthquake to cause damage, will hit Southern California again, and again, and again, at some point.

What is most important to understand is Southern California, and much of California for that matter, sits atop two tectonic plate boundaries, the Pacific Plate and North American Plate. Those two plate boundaries in our part of the World create what is known as a transform boundary where the two plates slide past each other.
 photo 640px-Plates_tect2_en.png
Image of plate tectonics by USGS via Wikimedia Commons, Creative Commons License.

In California the San Andreas Fault forms the tectonic boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate, and, simply put, as these boundaries slide past each other many times they become stuck, pressure builds up and you have an earthquake.

Will The Plates Ever Stop Moving Against Each Other So We Can Stop Having Earthquakes?


As long as the World is spinning the plates will keep moving, and thus Southern California will continue to always have earthquakes big and small.

When Was The Last Great Big Earthquake in Southern California?

While there certainly have been many "big enough earthquakes" in our lifetime the last great big earthquake in Southern California was in 1857, commonly called The Fort Tejon Earthquake.

This earthquake was on the San Andreas Fault, which many in the Earth science community believe the infamous fault ruptured from the Parkfield area southward to the Cajon Pass. One reason that lead to this belief is the surface rupture along the fault was about 230 miles.

This earthquake is believed to have been M7.9, one of the strongest earthquakes ever recorded in North America, but California was a very sparsely populated place, and so damage and casualties were very limited.

It is believed shaking in Southern California lasted up to three minutes.

A similar earthquake today would profoundly impact Southern California with damage and economic loss going easily into the billions of dollars, according to SCEDC

What About The Other Section of The San Andreas Fault?

There is another section of The San Andreas Fault that runs through Southern California, and that section runs between San Bernardino to the fault's terminus in the Salton Sea.

Recent studies have shown the last time this section ruptured was in or around 1690.

For some geologists and seismologists it is this section of The San Andreas Fault they believe will bring us the dreaded Big One.

Video developed by Dr. Robert Graves of the USGS showing a simulation of a major southern San Andreas Fault earthquake. No copyright infringement intended; shown for educational purposes only. 
Just Be Prepared!

All you can do is prepare and be prepared

There is no way at this time to predict earthquakes. The only earthquakes that can be predicted are aftershocks.

Making The Best of The Faults Below Our Feet 

One way to make the best of all these fault-lines around us is to enjoy the natural beauty they have produced. After all, what gives Southern California its dramatic mountains and hills are earthquakes, and if we did not have earthquakes we would probably be as flat as Kansas.

Friday, January 9, 2015

Disneyland Measles Outbreak and What You Need To Know About Measles

ANAHEIM - Many young kids, and adults who are kids at heart, often wish they could take a piece of Disneyland home with them. Well, some people may be taking a piece of Disneyland home with them, and it is not very magical.

 photo Measlesboysideview.jpg 
Photograph of young boy with measles rash. Author unknown. Shown for educational purposes only; no copyright infringement intended. Used under a Creative Commons license.

On Wednesday state health officials announced that a visitor to The Happiest Place on Earth had measles and likely transmitted it to 19 people, so far, who were visiting Disneyland and Disney California Adventure Park between December 15 and Dec. 20.

We use the words, "so far," because state health officials expect the number of measles cases to rise. 

Officials say 16 of the cases are in California, two are in Utah, and one is in Colorado. Most of the California cases are in Southern California with nine cases in Orange County.

Disneyland officials say no employees, excuse me, "cast members," have contracted measles and they say they are working with health officials to provide any necessary information.

Wait, What Happened?

It is believed that an infected guest with measles visiting The Disneyland Resort potentially infected a significant amount of people at The Happiest Place on Earth with measles, according to health officials.

First Off, Do Not Panic! 

While it is possible thousands of people have been exposed to measles it is very important to not panic and to put this illness in perspective.

It is very important to understand that if you have been vaccinated there is a very good chance you will NOT get measles

Also very
important to understand that measles in the majority of cases is NOT a life threatening illness. For most people it is an illness that will pass in a couple weeks.

How Can You Get Measles?

According to the Center for Disease Control, measles is very infectious because it spreads through the air.

The CDC notes that, "measles virus can live for up to two hours on a surface or in an airspace where the infected person coughed or sneezed. If other people breathe the contaminated air or touch the infected surface, then touch their eyes, noses, or mouths, they can become infected. Measles is so contagious that if one person has it, 90% of the people close to that person who are not immune will also become infected."

That time of year at Disneyland is always very crowded, and it would be very simple to catch measles by standing in line next to someone who is infected. In fact, in a very crowded line, or very crowded walkway or store, several people at once can be exposed to measles.

Can Measles Be Prevented?

Yes, if you are vaccinated there is a extraordinarily good chance you will not catch measles, but there will always be a small number of people who can get infected despite being vaccinated. That chance of not getting measles when vaccinated is over 99-percent, according to the CDC. Many of the California measles cases were people who were not vaccinated.

What Are The Signs of Measles?

Signs of measles coming on include, runny nose, red eyes, cough and a high fever. 

What About A Rash?

According to the CDC, "Three to five days after symptoms begin, a rash breaks out. It usually begins as flat red spots that appear on the face at the hairline and spread downward to the neck, trunk, arms, legs, and feet. Small raised bumps may also appear on top of the flat red spots. When the rash appears, a person’s fever may spike to more than 104° Fahrenheit."

How Long Does It Last?

Most measles cases last about two weeks.

What Medicine Treats Measles? 

Most measles can be treated by over-the-counter medication.

Bottom Line About Catching Measles

If you and/or your child have been vaccinated for measles chances are very good you will not be affected by measles.

However if you did visit The Disneyland Resort at or around this time do keep a "heads up" for symptoms.

If you do happen to catch measles it will not be very pleasant and there will be a lot of school and work missed, but in most cases it is not life threatening. Understand that most over-the-counter medications can be used to treat measles.

U.S. Issues Worldwide Travel Alert

Only hours after dramatic, tragic events in and around Paris the U.S. State Department has issued a "Worldwide Caution" travel alert after recent terror attacks in France, Australia and Canada, and that, according to the State Department, "U.S. citizens need to maintain a high level of vigilance and take appropriate steps to increase their security awareness."

The State Department's warning says attacks against Americans and American interests are becoming increasingly prevalent and the Department cites an increased risk of reprisals against U.S. and Western targets for the U.S.-led intervention against Islamic State militants, otherwise known as ISIS/ISIL, in Syria and Iraq.

The caution alerts travelers that, "Extremists may elect to use conventional or non-conventional weapons, and target both official and private interests. Examples of such targets include high-profile sporting events, residential areas, business offices, hotels, clubs, restaurants, places of worship, schools, public areas, shopping malls, and other tourist destinations both in the United States and abroad where U.S. citizens gather in large numbers, including during holidays."

Furthermore the State Department says, "U.S. citizens are reminded of the potential for terrorists to attack public transportation systems and other tourist infrastructure."

For tourists already out and about in the World, or will be quite soon, the State Department says, "U.S. citizens are strongly encouraged to maintain a high level of vigilance, be aware of local events, and take the appropriate steps to bolster their personal security."

It is unclear how long this "Worldwide Caution" will last.

Charlie Hebdo Suspects Dead in Raid

It is over. The alleged Charlie Hebdo terrorists are dead after a standoff and hostage situation on Friday after French authorities raided a printing plant in Dammartin-en-Goële, which is outside of Paris near Charles de Gaulle Airport. The hostage is safe, but however one police officer was injured, according to AFP.

Saïd Kouachi, 34, and Cherif Kouachi, 32, are alleged to have gone on a massacre killing 12 people at the satirical magazine on Wednesday in one of the worst terror attacks in France since the 1995 terror attacks.

"They Wanted to Die as Martyrs" 

Mohamed Douhane, a senior police officer who was following the negotiations with the Kouachis, told The New York Times, “We have established communication with the Kouachi brothers. They said they wanted to die as martyrs. They are behaving like two determined terrorists who are certainly physically exhausted, but who want to escape with one last big show of force and heroic resistance. They feel trapped and know that their last hours have come.”

Deadly Supermarket Hostage Situation

As that incident at the printing plant was happening another hostage situation occurred at a Paris kosher supermarket.

That hostage situation at the supermarket was allegedly perpetrated by an associate of the brothers, Amedy Coulibaly, who is also suspected in killing a Paris police officer on Thursday. 

During the hostage situation Mr. Coulibaly was killed by police.

France President François Hollande says the suspect allegedly killed four people after entering the supermarket along with taking hostages. 

Several hostages were reportedly injured, and at least 15 hostages were freed, according to French media reports.

While it is unclear if the suspect chose the supermarket due to it being a Jewish store, or if the motive was simply that of convenience, Mr. Hollande called it an, "Anti-Semitic Act."

Mr. Coulibaly told French media he was apart of ISIS and a freed hostage also told French media that the suspect claimed to be apart of ISIS, but this claim has yet to be verified by authorities.

Later in the evening it was revealed that explosive devices with detonators were found in the supermarket and it is believed they were planted by the suspect.

Search For Suspect Girlfriend

French authorities are looking for Hayat Boumeddiene, believed to be the girlfriend of Mr. Coulibaly. 

French authorities are not sure how deeply involved she may be in this whole sordid affair or of her involvement in terror cells in France.

Tracking Down the Suspect Brothers 

The brothers had been located at the printing warehouse by helicopters equipped with heat sensors, according to French media. That discovery followed an intense manhunt in a heavily wooded area about 60 miles outside of Paris.

What Is Know About the Brothers' Terror Connections

Since the terror attack on Wednesday much has been revealed about the suspects.  Most notably it was revealed by American officials that Saïd traveled to Yemen in 2011 and received terrorist training from al-Qaeda’s affiliate there before returning to France.

A member of al-Qaeda branch in Yemen says they directed the brothers to attack the French magazine, according to media reports, and al-Qaeda in Yemem is subsequently taking credit for the Paris attack.

USA Today reports that both brothers may have been in Syria this past summer. 

In the U.S. both Kouachi brothers were placed on a "No Fly List."